What is quantum computing?

Quantum computing is a branch of quantum mechanics, a discipline that allows for more multidimensional approaches to our environment. Quantum mechanics not only examines the phenomena that are represented by specific values, but also examines everything in between and the resulting uncertainty.

Because our universe does not operate in a straightforward way, quantum mechanics opens up possibilities for more accurate calculations. Therefore, it allows very accurate simulation of various complex scientific processes: for example, the complex movement of particles. Naturally, Quantum Computing transferred all these capabilities to the IT sector.

How does quantum computing work?

Ordinary computers use another zero to work. Every app or piece of software you use is a combination of these and zero. Although such a system works well in most situations, it does not take into account the intermediate issues and the uncertain aspects of the world around us.

Quantum computing uses quantum bits (or qubits) whose 1 or 0 values ​​are not specified. They store a possibility instead of an exact value. So, unless we measure it, we don’t know the value of cobalt. This ability is called superposition, and it indicates a temporary condition that has no special value and provides the possibility of more accurate predictions and calculations.

Analysts often compare quantum computing to coin flipping. When we hold and look at a coin, we can certainly understand its value, but can we guess it as we turn it around? Is it the head or the tail, or both? There are many similar ambiguities around us, and quantum computing helps to better estimate them.

Therefore, quantum computing increases the likelihood of a normal zero system. It can calculate every possibility or path and also take into account all the current uncertainties. This possibility is called qubit entanglement. Quantum computers can simultaneously consider a large number of possible combinations and choose the best. It can handle tasks that would take thousands of years for ordinary computers to solve.

How can we use quantum computing?

Quantum computers are not hidden in underground super-secret laboratories. In fact, they are more accessible than you think. For example, you can use 20 IBM quantum computers through their IBM Cloud service. Google also invests heavily in quantum computing and welcomes the support of the developer community.

Here are some uses of quantum computing:

  • Pharmaceutical experiments. Quantum computing helps medical researchers calculate the best molecular and particle combinations, thus increasing the effectiveness of medicines.
  • Quantum language processing. While currently machines can only process language on the basis of its structural layer, quantum computing will consider meaning, humor, emotional layers and implicit meaning in language processing. All of this can help to address the cultural strata of the language.
  • Environmental issues. Quantum computing can help solve the problem of traffic congestion by using quantum algorithms to improve traffic signals in cities.
  • Machine learning Quantum computing can also enhance artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities.