If you stay up late at night, it is very likely that you will gain weight, according to a new scientific study. Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania in the United States say that sleep disorders affect a person’s appetite and changing eating habits increases the risk of obesity, which results in the person eating more.
A recent study published in the scientific journal PLoS Biology found that sleep and obesity both affect each other. Not only can sleep deprivation lead to obesity, but obesity can also lead to poor sleep patterns.
The microscopic study was performed on a small reptile, C. elegans, at the University of Pennsylvania’s Pearlman School of Medicine and the University of Nevada in Reno. The one-millimeter-sized worm is used in many scientific medical research.
David Raisen, co-author of the study and an associate professor of neurology and a member of the Sleep Institute, says that sleep is a process in which the body tries to store energy when its alertness level is low. Is going
He says that although the results of this study do not directly affect humans, the C. elegans is a lactating organism, on which experiments are performed extraordinarily on humans. Like other living things, it has a nervous system and needs sleep.
The only difference is that the human nervous system is very complex and difficult to test, whereas the nervous system of C. elegans is very simple and contains only 302 neurons, one of which scientists say Knows that it controls the sleep system.
Severe sleep disorders in humans result in two ways, the first is an increase in appetite and the second is a disorder in the process of insulin production in the body. Insulin controls the amount of sugar in the body and interfering with it can lead to diabetes.
Medical experts say that people who sleep less than six hours a day have a higher risk of gaining weight and developing diabetes. On the other hand, starvation in humans, rats, fruit flies and celiac guns affects their sleep and usually returns to normal to some extent. However, scientists still do not know why food and sleep affect each other.
Alexander van der Linden, another co-author of the study and an associate professor of biology at the University of Nevada, says that the study not only helped us understand how sleep affects us and how sleep deprivation appetite and What has diabetes got to do with it? However, it is not clear whether sleep deprivation increases the risk of obesity and diabetes or whether obesity causes sleep deprivation.
During their experiments, scientists stopped the CLEGANS neurons that control sleep. After that, C. elegans could eat, breathe, have children, but could not sleep. After stopping the sleep neurons from working, the scientists found that the energy level in his body had dropped.
Professor Raisen says that the conclusion is that sleep stores energy in the body, it has nothing to do with energy loss. There are other reasons for this.
In another study, Professor Van Derland stopped the work of the Aligans gene, which sends a sleep signal, to increase the level of fat in Alligans, which is exactly what happens in humans in the form of obesity. ۔
Scientists say that this research shows that when sleep is disturbed, the neurons that control the amount of fat in the body are not able to do their job properly, which leads to the accumulation of fat. He says it shows that the amount of fat in the body and sleep are related to each other and both affect each other.